The Climate and Weather of Montreal, Quebec

Average Daily Maximum Temperature – Minimum – Sunshine – Raindays – Snowdays – Snowdepth – Windspeed

Montreal’s climate is rather similar to Ottawa’s; Montreal is a little windier.

Montreal has a semi-continental climate, with a warm, humid summer and a very cold winter.

Winters in Montreal are severe. Snow depths of greater than 1 cm are seen on about 109 days each year compared with about 65 days in Toronto. Much greater depths of snow are also found in Montreal than Toronto.

Comparing with some other Canadian cities, snow depths of greater than 1 cm are seen on about:

10 days each year in Vancouver, 35 days in Penticton, 53 days each year in Windsor, 88 days in Calgary, 120 days in Ottawa, and 132 days in Winnipeg.

Montreal enjoys a sunny climate. Summers usually have a generous number of warm or hot sunny days. Winters are rather less sunny than in the prairie cities of Calgary and Winnipeg.

Like most places in Canada, Montreal’s day-to-day weather can be changeable throughout the year.

Montreal, Quebec


Av. Daily
Max. Temp.

Av. Daily
Temp. (°C)

Av. hours
(per day)

Av. Days

Av. Days

Av. Depth
Snow on
Ground (cm)

Av. Wind
(km per hr)

Jan. -6 -15 3.3 4 16 15 17
Feb. -4 -13 4.4 4 12 18 15
Mar. 2 -7 5.1 7 9 13 16
Apr. 11 1 5.8 11 3 1 16
May 19 8 7.4 13 0 0 14
Jun. 24 13 8.2 13 0 0 13
Jul. 26 16 8.8 12 0 0 12
Aug. 25 14 7.8 12 0 0 11
Sep. 20 9 5.8 12 0 0 12
Oct. 13 3 4.5 13 1 0 14
Nov. 5 -2 2.9 11 6 1 15
Dec. -2 -10 2.6 6 13 8 15

3 thoughts on “The Climate and Weather of Montreal, Quebec”

    1. Montreal is on average rather cold, dark, wet, windy, and cold. Did I say cold? Having lived in the desert, I feel it isn’t really “hot” outside until it gets up into the 40’s Celsius. One of my homes was 45 C (115 to 116 F) for seven months out of the year, and because it was the desert it could dip to -17 (0 F) in the winter at night and freeze the pipes. The dry air makes that heat a touch more tolerable, but it will literally burn the skin into scabs within short minutes. THAT is technically “hot.” I think what Montreal experiences is more like humid misery in the summer. Some days, the air quality feels less breathable because it feels heavy in the lungs due to the humidity. Relatively speaking, however, this happens on very few days. Mostly it’s just on the colder side and definitely on the wetter side (tons of snow). It’s dark in the winter. It’s a fairly high latitude, so you’ll get less direct sunlight in the fall and winter months. This can be depressing for some people who suffer from SAD (take Vitamin D, perhaps visit tanning beds, get a lot of exercise, etc.). On the upside, if you suffer from RSAD (Reverse Seasonal Affective Disorder) like me, it’s a plus.

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