Average Daily Maximum Temperature – Minimum – Sunshine – Raindays – Snowdays – Snowdepth – Windspeed
Toronto has a semi-continental climate, with a warm, humid summer and a cold winter.
Toronto’s climate is modified by its location on the shores of Lake Ontario. The water in the lake ensures Toronto is warmer in winter and cooler in summer than it would otherwise be. The Great Lakes location is also the source of Toronto’s summer humidity, which many people find uncomfortable.
Although Toronto is one of Canada’s warmer cities in winter, winters are still severe, with snow on the ground most days between mid-December and mid-March. Snow deeper than 1 cm is seen on 65 days a year on average.
Ottawa, which is farther north than Toronto, and does not sit lakeside, has snow depths of greater than 1 cm on about 120 days each year.
Many factories and industrial plants in both Canada and the USA are located on the Great Lakes and smog has become something of a problem in Southern Ontario. About half of the smog is wind-borne from the USA.
Toronto’s smog is very much a summer phenomenon. Air quality can be classed as very good, good, moderate, poor or very poor. In 2012, Toronto had 59 days of moderate air quality and 2 days of poor air quality. The rest were good or very good. In 2014 Ontario closed its last coal-fired power plants, resulting in improved air quality.
Toronto enjoys a fairly sunny climate – its summers usually have an abundance of warm or hot sunny days, while its winters are rather less sunny than in the prairie cities of Calgary and Winnipeg.
Toronto’s day-to-day weather can be changeable throughout the year.
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